How pregnancy occurs and contraception options

Knowing how pregnancy occurs and how to prevent it means you can make informed choices about your reproductive health. Follow the guide below to get all the information on pregnancy, unplanned pregnancy options and contraception.  


To understand how pregnancy occurs and contraception options available

Let's start with why this is important:

  • understanding how you get pregnant means you can make informed choices about when you would like to have children if that is something you would like to do
  • using contraception means you are less likely to get pregnant and means you have control over your reproductive health
  • If you think you may be pregnant, it is important to confirm it as soon as possible

What to do next

Finding the contraception method best for you

Take this online quiz to help you decide which method is best for you.

​Find your perfect match

Protection from STI's

Most contraception does not protect you from getting an STI.

The best way to reduce your chance of getting an STI is to use a condom every time you have oral, vaginal or anal sex.

Getting contraception

Barrier methods of contraception, like condoms, can be found at most supermarkets, pharmacies and and convenience stores.

Other methods of contraception such as short acting and long acting reversible are usually prescribed to you by your doctor. To find a bulk billing doctor near you to talk about your options use this website.

I think I might be pregnant

If you have missed a period, have tender breasts, nausea or a feeling very tired you could be pregnant.The sooner a pregnancy is confirmed, the sooner you can receive care, and the more options you will have available to you The easiest way to find out is to take a home pregnancy test available from supermarkets or pharmacies. If you like you can ask your partner or a close friend to be there while you do it.

If you are experiencing an unplanned pregnancy you can seek professional support and information to help you make the best decision for you. Call Pregnancy, Birth and Baby helpline on 1800 882 436

If there are problems in your relationship, including family violence, talk to your doctor or midwife, or call the National Sexual Assault, Domestic Family Violence Counselling Service on 1800 737 732 (1800RESPECT). They can help you get support so that you and your baby stay safe.

More Information & Services

Finding out you are pregnant can be a rollercoaster of emotions, if you need to talk to someone about what is happening here are a number of services to contact:

CALL 1800 MYOPTIONS 1800 696 784

CALL BIRTHLINE (08) 8331 1223 or 1300 655 156 a 24 hour counselling service for anyone who is pregnant, lost a pregnancy or planning a pregnancy

CALL QLIFE 1800 184 527 (3pm to midnight AEST)

QLife is Australia’s first nationally-oriented counselling and referral service for people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans/transgender, intersex and/or queer (LGBTIQ+).

CALL 13 YARN 13 92 76,  a 24/7 national crisis support line for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Sexual & Reproductive Health Victoria

Information on sexual health including STI's, contraception and abortion

1800 MyOptions

Information on reproductive health and options

All Relationships